Today, about half of all our seafood comes from aquaculture. It is predicted that by 2030, that number will rise to 62%. As the human population grows and the world becomes more aware of the need to act more sustainably, what role does aquaculture play?
What is aquaculture?
Aquaculture is fish farming. It’s very similar to agriculture, but with fish instead of plants or livestock.
How does aquaculture work?
Aquaculture can be done in freshwater ponds and rivers, coastal ocean waters, or simply in tanks of water.
The methods of aquaculture can differ from species to species, but there are typically four stages:
Fish are bred and eggs are hatched at a hatchery
Once the fish are mature enough, they are moved to a farm where they grow to harvest size using feed produced at feed mills
The fish go to a processing facility where they are packaged
The packaged fish are sent to food retailers and grocery stores